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Global institutions and new policy challenges: Carsten Daugbjerg

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Professor Carsten Daugbjerg discusses how the World Trade Organization (WTO) legal framework has influenced domestic policymaking, using the cases of food security and sustainable biofuels policies. This video was recorded at ANU Crawford School of Public Policy on 20 August 2013.The establishment of the WTO in 1995 transferred some decision-making authority from the domestic to the supranational arena. The global trade regime is founded on the trade agreements negotiated during the late 1980s and early 1990s in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade Uruguay Round, and reflects the trade policy concerns of that period. This institutionalisation of particular trade concerns constrains the design of trade-related domestic policies addressing new concerns that were not high on the agenda when the WTO agreements were negotiated and agreed.It is argued that while the WTO legal framework has remained unaltered since the Uruguay Round was concluded in 1994, the interpretation of the trade agreements has changed through rulings of the WTO's Dispute Settlement Mechanism. This has enabled domestic policymakers to include environmental sustainability criteria in domestic biofuels policies. However, social sustainability and food security concerns may still sit uneasily within the WTO legal framework.Carsten Daugbjerg is a Professor in the Crawford School of Public Policy at The Australian National University (ANU). He received his PhD in Political Science from the Aarhus University, Denmark. Previously he has held academic appointments at Aarhus University and University of Copenhagen. From 2009 to 2011 he was a visiting fellow in the Research School of Social Sciences at ANU. His field of research is comparative public policy, specialising in agricultural policy reform, trade negotiations in the WTO, public and private food standards in global trade, government interest group relations and environmental policy. He has published widely on these issues in leading international journals, has had four books published, includingIdeas, Institutions and Trade: The WTO and the Curious Role of EU Farm Policy in Trade Liberalization (Oxford University Press, 2009), and has contributed with chapters to numerous edited books. A substantial part of this research applies an inter-disciplinary approach.Find out more about Crawford School : https://crawford.anu.edu.au/

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