Emilia Pires, Finance Minister, Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, delivers the inaugural Harold Mitchell Development Policy Annual Lecture.Timor-Leste, which gained its independence in 2002, is one of the world's youngest countries. Born out of a history of violence and poverty, in recent years Timor-Leste has experienced both social stability and rapid growth, and its development prospects have strengthened considerably.Timor-Leste has also been a pioneer in establishing the g7+, a group of 17 fragile states, which was formed in 2010 as a country-owned and country-led global mechanism to monitor, report and draw attention to the unique challenges faced by fragile states. The New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States represents the first time in history that conflict-afflicted states have taken the lead in designing an aid architecture for and by themselves.The Harold Mitchell Development Policy Annual Lecture Series, of which this is the first, has been created to provide a new forum at which the most pressing development issues can be addressed by the best minds and most influential practitioners of our time.Emilia Pires has been Finance Minister of Timor Leste since April 2007. She is the founding chair of the g7+, and a member of the High-level Panel advising the United Nations Secretary-General on the post 2015 global development agenda.Harold Mitchell AC is founder of the Harold Mitchell Foundation and Chairman, Aegis Media, Australia and New Zealand. He will inaugurate the lecture series.This event was hosted by: Professor Ian Young AO, ANU Vice-Chancellor, Professor Andrew MacIntyre Dean, College of Asia and the Pacific, Professor Tom Kompas Director, Crawford School of Public Policy and Professor Stephen Howes Director, Development Policy Centre.